India–Pakistan cricket rivalry

Sporting rivalry between India and Pakistan

The India–Pakistan cricket rivalry is one of the most extreme and intensified sports rivalries in the world.[1][2] The tensed relations between the two nations, resulting from bitter diplomatic relationship and conflict that marked the Partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947 and the subsequent Kashmir conflict, laid the foundations for the emergence of an intense sporting rivalry between the two nations who had otherwise shared a common cricketing heritage.

The first Test series between the two teams took place in 1951–52, when Pakistan toured India. Head to head Pakistan has an edge over India in ODI cricket with 73 wins vs India’s 55 and 12 wins in Test matches as opposed to India’s 9 while India are considerably ahead in T20IS with a 7–1 win/loss record.

India toured Pakistan for the first time in 1954–55. Between 1962 and 1977, no cricket was played between the two countries owing to two major wars in 1965 and 1971. The 1999 Kargil War and the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks have also interrupted cricketing ties between the two nations.

The growth of large expatriate populations from India and Pakistan across the world led to neutral states like the United Arab Emirates and Canada hosting several bilateral and multilateral ODI series involving the two teams. Tickets for the India–Pakistan match in the 2015 World Cup in Australia sold out in 11 minutes after they went on sale.[citation needed]

Players in both teams routinely face intense pressure to win, and are threatened by extreme reactions in defeat. Extreme fan reactions to defeats in key matches such as in the ICC Cricket World Cup have been recorded, with a limited degree of violence and public disturbances. At the same time, India–Pakistan cricket matches have also offered opportunities for cricket diplomacy as a means to improve relations between the two countries by allowing heads of state to exchange visits and cricket followers from either country to travel to the other to watch the matches. But the tensions had finally grown so much that Indian Government issued a bill that stated that Indian players will not be going to Pakistan for safety reasons.

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Summary of results
    • 2.1 Overall
    • 2.2 ICC tournaments
    • 2.3 Continental tournaments
  • 3 List of Test series
  • 4 List of ODI series
  • 5 List of T20I series
  • 6 Test records
    • 6.1 Team
    • 6.2 Individual
  • 7 ODI records
    • 7.1 Matches Summary
    • 7.2 Team
    • 7.3 Individual
  • 8 T20I records
    • 8.1 Matches Summary
    • 8.2 Team
    • 8.3 Individual
  • 9 India vs Pakistan in ICC tournaments
    • 9.1 World Cup Meetings
    • 9.2 T20 World Cup meetings
    • 9.3 Champions Trophy meetings
  • 10 Players who have played for both teams
  • 11 See also
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

History[edit]

See also: India–Pakistan relations

The partition of British India in 1947 that led to the creation of an independent India and Pakistan was characterised by intense and bloody conflict between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs that left one million people dead. An estimated ten million people migrated to the nation of their choice. The bloody legacy of the partition and the subsequent emergence of territorial disputes and wars being fought over them have all added to the growth of intense rivalries in field hockey, association football but especially in cricket, which had been developed during British colonial rule and is the most popular sport in both nations.[3] Many of the players in the first post-independence teams of India and Pakistan had played together as teammates in regional and local tournaments.

Pakistan became a permanent member of the International Cricket Council in 1948, and their tour of India was their first in Test cricket history. They lost the first Test in Delhi to India, but won the second Test in Lucknow, which led to an angry reaction from the home crowd against the Indian players. India clinched the Test series after winning the third Test in Bombay, but the intense pressure affected the players of both teams to the point that they pursued mainly defensive tactics that led to drawn matches and whole series without a victory. When India toured Pakistan in 1955, thousands of Indian fans were granted visas to go to the Pakistani city of Lahore to watch the Test match. But both the 1955 series and Pakistan’s tour of India in 1961 ended in a drawn series with no Test yielding a winner or loser. Complaints about the fairness of umpires also became routine.

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and subsequent War of 1971 put hold on India–Pakistan cricket that lasted till 1978, when India toured Pakistan and cricket resumed for a brief period. In the post-1971 period, politics became a direct factor in the holding of cricketing events. India has suspended cricketing ties with Pakistan several times following terrorist attacks or other hostilities. The resumption of cricketing ties in 1978 came with the emergence of heads of government in both India and Pakistan who were not directly connected with the 1971 war and coincided with their formal initiatives to normalize bilateral relations. Shortly after a period of belligerency during the Operation Brasstacks war games, Pakistani president Zia-ul-Haq was invited to watch the India–Pakistan test match being played in the Indian city of Jaipur. This form of cricket diplomacy has occurred several times afterwards as well. Pakistan toured India in 1979, but an Indian tour of Pakistan in 1984 was cancelled mid-way due to the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

In the late 1980s and for most of the 1990s, India and Pakistan squared-off on neutral venues such as Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates and in Toronto, Canada, where large audiences of expatriates regularly watched them play. The series between the teams in Canada in the 1990s and early 2000s were officially known as the “Friendship Cup”. Sharjah even though a neutral venue was considered as the “back yard of Pakistan” given the close proximity and the massive support the team generated.[4]

The rise of multinational competitions such as the Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy, the Austral-Asia Cup and the Asia Cup led to more regular albeit briefer contests.

In 1999, immediately following Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s historic visit to Pakistan, the Pakistani team toured India for Test matches and played in an ODI competition before the Kargil War again put bilateral relations in deep freeze. Prime Minister Vajpayee’s peace initiative of 2003 led to India touring Pakistan after a gap of almost 15 years. Subsequent exchange tours were held in 2005 and 2006 before the 2008 Mumbai attacks led to the suspension of India’s planned tour of Pakistan in 2009 and all future engagements in Pakistan. India was scheduled to begin the tour of Pakistan from 13 January to 19 February 2009, but was cancelled because of the tension existing between the two countries after the terrorist attacks in Mumbai.[5] India has refused to play series with Pakistan since then.[6]

The rise of domestic terrorism led to Pakistan not hosting international cricket since the Sri Lankan team was attacked in 2009, and Pakistan was stripped of its co-host status for the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011. India and Pakistan qualified for the first semi-final in Chandigarh, India, and the Indian government invited the Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani to watch the match along with his Indian counterpart, Dr. Manmohan Singh. Bilateral ties finally resumed when BCCI invited the Pakistan national team to tour India for three ODIs and two T20Is in December 2012. The ODIs were held in New Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai with Ahmedabad and Bangalore hosted T20I fixtures.[7]

In June 2014, the Pakistan Cricket Board stated that an agreement to play six bilateral series has been signed with the BCCI during the ICC annual conference in Melbourne.[8] After lengthy negotiations, involving offers and counter-offers on the venues and scheduling of the first of these series in December 2015, the boards were unable to reach an agreement, and the BCCI did not tour for a full series against Pakistan in the UAE, and communications petered out with no result.[9] In May 2017, BCCI secretary Amitabh Choudhary said that the BCCI would need approval from the Indian government before a bilateral series can go ahead.[10] There was no further progress, despite both members of both boards meeting in Dubai to discuss the matter.[11]

Summary of results[edit]

Overall[edit]

ICC tournaments[edit]

  • Notes:† The 2007 ICC T20 World Cup match between the teams ended in a tie, but India was awarded the points as a result of a Bowl Out (Ind 3–0 Pak). The match result was officially recorded as a tie.[12]

Continental tournaments[edit]

List of Test series[edit]

List of ODI series[edit]

List of T20I series[edit]

Test records[edit]

Team[edit]

Individual[edit]

ODI records[edit]

Matches Summary[edit]

Team[edit]

  • Notes: The 1987 ODI match between the teams ended in a tie, but India was awarded the match as a result of a losing lesser wickets. IND 212/6 (44 overs) & PAK 212/7(44 overs).[21]

Individual[edit]

T20I records[edit]

Matches Summary[edit]

Team[edit]

Individual[edit]

India vs Pakistan in ICC tournaments[edit]

World Cup Meetings[edit]

  • India won the toss and elected to bat
  • Match reduced to 49 overs per side due to a slow over rate by Pakistan.
  • India won the toss and elected to bat
  • Pakistan was fined 1 over for a slow over rate
  • This was last ODI for Javed Miandad (Pak)
  • India won the toss and elected to bat
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat.
  • Pakistan was fined 1 over for a slow over rate
  • India won the toss and elected to bat
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bowl.
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to field.
  • Pakistan were set a revised target of 302 runs from 40 overs due to rain.
  • Virat Kohli (Ind) became the fastest batsman, in terms of innings, to score 11,000 runs in ODIs (222).[31]

T20 World Cup meetings[edit]

  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to field
  • After the match ended in a tie, the winner was decided out of a bowl out. India won the bowl out and qualified for the Super 8s as a result of this match.
  • Sohail Tanvir (Pak) made his T20I debut.
  • India won the toss and elected to bat
  • Yusuf Pathan (Ind) made his T20I debut.
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • Twenty20 International debut: Mohammed Shami (Ind).
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • The start of the match was delayed by a wet outfield and the game was reduced to 18 overs per side.

Champions Trophy meetings[edit]

  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to field.
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat.
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • Rain during the Pakistan innings reduced the match to 40 overs per team.
  • Further rain reduced the India innings to 22 overs, with a revised target of 102.
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to field.
  • Rain reduced the match to 48 overs per side, with further rain setting Pakistan a revised target of 289 runs from 41 overs.
  • Wahab Riaz (Pak) recorded the worst bowling figures in the history of the Champions Trophy with 0/87.
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • Fakhar Zaman (Pak) scored his first century in an ODI.
  • Pakistan’s total was their highest in any ICC tournament final.
  • The margin of victory was the largest by any team in the final of an ICC ODI tournament.

Players who have played for both teams[edit]

After the partition in 1947, Pakistan emerged to play cricket. But India had already been playing cricket matches pre-independence. Three players have played for Pakistan after appearing for India. They are:

  • Amir Elahi – India (one test vs. Australia at Sydney in 1947), Pakistan (1952–53)
  • Gul Mohammad – India (1946–55), Pakistan (one test vs. Australia at Karachi in 1956)
  • Abdul Hafeez Kardar – India (1946–48), Pakistan (1948–58)

Although Pakistan was created in 1947, Gul Mohammad continued to represent India until 1955, and played for India against Pakistan in Pakistan’s first tour of India in 1951–52.

See also[edit]

  • Cricket diplomacy
  • India–Pakistan field hockey rivalry

References[edit]

  • ^ Brett, Oliver (9 March 2004). “Cricket’s most intense rivalry”. BBC News..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  • ^ Richards, Huw (8 March 2008). “Cricket: Passion and politics mix as India faces Pakistan”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 August 2014.
  • ^ Ehantharajah, Vithushan (June 2017). “Frenemies forever”. The Cricket Monthly. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  • ^ Stats Guru Summary of Bilateral series between India and Pakistan
  • ^ Herman, Steve (18 December 2008). “India Cancels Cricket Tour of Pakistan”. VOA News. Voice of America. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  • ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/sports/cricket/news/cant-force-india-to-play-bilateral-series-against-pakistan-icc/articleshow/60518531.cms
  • ^ “Cricket spirit: Pakistan to tour India in December”. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  • ^ “India to play six bilateral series against Pakistan in next eight years”. Patrika Group (in Hindi). Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  • ^ “India–Pakistan series appears difficult – Thakur”. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  • ^ “Playing Pakistan depends on government – BCCI”. ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  • ^ “No progress on India–Pakistan bilateral ties”. ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  • ^ “10th Match, Group D: India v Pakistan at Durban, Sep 14, 2007 – Cricket Scorecard”. ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Highest totals”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Lowest totals”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ a b “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Largest victories”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Smallest victories (including ties)”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Most runs”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Highest scores”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Most wickets”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Test matches / Best bowling figures in an innings”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “3rd ODI: India v Pakistan at Hyderabad (Deccan), Mar 20, 1987 – Cricket Scorecard – ESPN Cricinfo”. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / One-Day Internationals / Most runs”. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / One-Day Internationals / High scores”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / One-Day Internationals / Most wickets”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / One-Day Internationals / Best bowling figures in an innings”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Most runs”. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Twenty20 Internationals / High scores”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Most wickets”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Records / India v Pakistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Best bowling figures in an innings”. Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  • ^ “Runs for the taking if short ball is handled well, feels Tamim”. Cricbuzz. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  • ^ “India vs Pakistan: Virat Kohli fastest to 11,000 ODI runs”. India Today. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  • External links[edit]

    • India vs Pakistan – All World Cup and T20 World Cup match results

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